Currently the causes of fibromyalgia are unknown. However, research suggests that the condition is associated with physical, neurological and psychological influences. Examples may include:
- a physically traumatic event, such as a car accident;
- a period of illness, or an autoimmune disease;
- an emotionally traumatic event such as a bereavement or a divorce
Once a person has fibromyalgia continued exposure to these initial influences or stressors may affect the individual’s ability to cope with the disorder. It may also affect the individual’s ability to cope with stresses that they may be exposed to in the future.